A healthy body gives you a better life. We all hope to live a pain-free, active life but none of us are that lucky or safe. Some injuries are a bloodstain to be wiped off with cotton. Other serious injuries need surgery for healing. None of us is safe from the perils of age and/or accidents. We need to take care of ourselves to ensure healthy living. The immediate and effective solution for this is surgery.
In contrast to earlier times, surgeries are becoming popular. The advancement of technology introduces us to less invasive procedures as well. The advantages of non-invasive surgery are that they are affordable, effective and painless. An example of non-invasive surgery is the Knee joint replacement.
Knee replacement surgery is a very common surgery. Obesity, sports injury and age are the three primary factors that affect the knees. There are a few different types of arthritis that will prompt you to have knee surgery. In a recent study, it showed that over a million Americans had knee implants.
Ideally, in a knee joint surgery, the damaged areas are replaced with artificial parts. It is important to be cautious. Your knees are an important part of your body. Do not wait until the condition worsens. Look out for signs of wear and tear and consult with a specialist. You may be advised to undergo surgery for the following reasons,
- Stiffness and severe pain
- Pain that disrupts your sleep and is constant.
- Swollen or bowed knee
- If medication and physical therapy has proven ineffective
What you need to know about knee replacement surgery:
- You will have to go through many x rays and blood tests before the actual surgery.
- The tests on your knee will also include assessing the muscle strength around the knee joint.
- Give the doctor your thorough medical history before going any further.
- There are two main types of surgery the keyhole surgery and the laparoscopic surgery. The surgery will be conducted according to the condition of your knee.
- You will be administered anaesthesia on surgery. For laparoscopic surgery, the doctor will administer localized anaesthesia i.e. spinal/epidural anaesthesia. It will numb you from the waist down instead of putting you under completely. You will be required not to eat for 8 hours ahead of the surgery.
- The surgery may take 2-4 hours. The damaged part will be taken out to be replaced with artificial implants. A 10-inch (less if it is a non-invasive surgery) cut will be made on the knee.
- A non-invasive surgery will be recommended mainly for those who are in their prime age. The older patients will be administered the latter.
- Once you are out from surgery you will be admitted to the ward until the effects of the anaesthesia wear off. You would not have to stay long in the hospital after the surgery. A maximum of 4 days will be recommended for those who have had a more intensive procedure.
- After the surgery, you are good to go. Physical therapy will be your best friend. The doctors will ask you to move your leg and wiggle it around. You will be advised to not put a lot of pressure for at least a week post-surgery.
- A walker or a cane will be administered to you for initial support. You wouldn’t have to rely on it for long. It is to help you get a head start in the recovery process.
- Calcium meds and anti-biotics will be administered post-treatment. Anti-biotics will make sure the wound does not get infected.
- The best way to recover post-surgery is by practising your physical exercises. It may be hard in the initial stages, but the pain reduces over time. It will give the knee more flexibility. Your progress may remain stagnant if you are demotivated. These exercises will also strengthen the muscle around your knee which is important.
These are the few pointers about knee surgery that have been broken down for easy retention. It is not something you need to fear, because the word surgery often has that effect. Rather it is for the betterment of your physical fitness. Be sure to consult with a doctor to know more specific details. You will have to consult with your physical therapist from time to time post-surgery.