Carpet and rug, both are referred as any decorative textile that are usually used for floor covering and are made of a thick material. The word carpet was until the 19th century used for any type of covers, such as a wall hanging or a table cover; since the production of machine-made décor items, it has been applied for a floor covering exclusively. Both in the United States and Great Britain the “rug” is mostly used for a partial covering of floor while the carpet is tacked down frequently to the floor and normally covers wall-to-wall area of the space. However, referring to handmade carpets, the words carpet and rug are used interchangeably. In general both are used for the same meaning, but depending on their applications and stuff, they are different from each other. A carpet covers the whole area of the room, stairs and hallways and applied wall-to-wall but a rug is used for particular space without any wall-to-wall flooring technique.
Handmade carpets are directly related to functional objects as well as work of art. No doubt, many Oriental carpets are famous for excellent artistic expression that they have been known in the East the same regard as items of exceptional and unique luxury and beauty that masterpieces of artistry in the field of paintings have been in the West.
Designs typically consist of an inner area i.e. the pattern in the middle of the carpet and a border serves similar to a frame on a picture or the cornice on a building, to isolate the area, to impose the limits and sometimes regulate the interior-pattern’s implied movements. The design of border and inner field for a carpet should harmonize, yet remain with some distinctions.
Design execution for both carpets and rugs is different in various ways. In case of carpets, it can be directly transferred from the mind to the carpet and may be the hand of the weaver or indirectly in terms of a pattern that is drawn on the paper. By this latter technique, a pattern is usually used to directly execute the rug design, or the design is first transferred to a cartoon which is generally a big-size drawing of paper which is squared in shape, and each square denotes one knot of a specific color. The weaver sets this onto the loom and transfers directly the design onto the carpet. Many of the incomparable Oriental rugs, that attain an incredible effect by the wealth of detail, are believed to have been knotted from cartoons that were drawn by manuscript illuminators directly. These transfer techniques result in irregularities of pattern which are unavoidable and are the primary signs of the creators’ artistry.